10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites You Should See in America
Created: February 21, 2020, 10:17
We learned about the world heritages that must be seen in America from Atila Ege, which is the holder of the world’s most UNESCO World Heritage tour record.
If you are turning your route to America, be sure to visit the places that have managed to enter the UNESCO World Heritage list! Explore 10 UNESCO World Heritage sites that must be seen, from Carlsbad Caves to the Galapagos Islands, the Panama Canal to the Igauzu Waterfalls.
Igauzu Falls, Brazil – Argentina Border
The waterfall on the border of Argentina and Brazil is considered to be the largest in the world and feeds up to 200 smaller waterfalls, which vary according to the seasonal water level. In both countries, you can go to the viewing areas by walking from the tracks. On the Brazilian side, the suspension bridge is also available for transportation to the region known as the “Devil’s Strait” and those who want can also make helicopter tours. On the Argentine side, flights have been canceled on the grounds that it has spoiled the wildlife, alternatively it is possible to take a ride with ecological train or inflatable boats. Among the famous films shot in the waterfalls used by the film industry since 1907, Captain America: Civil War, a popular film of the recent period, as well as productions such as Baraka, Mr Magoo, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.
Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentina
The glacial region in the south of Argentina is of great importance as the world’s third fresh water source. Large pieces, which are broken every four, five years, provide a visual feast and are considered as the clearest indicators of global warming. Although most of the visitors prefer to stay on land, there are also boat tours and crampon shoes and glacier walking tours for those who want.
Machu Picchu, Peru
The construction of the buildings built during the peak period of the Inca empire is made of stones that combine without mortar and a knife cannot be inserted into the stones even today. Surrounded by streams on three sides, palaces, squares, temples and house ruins are indicative of once important urbanization. Since the structure, road and mountains on the same line with the ancient city are on the sunset line, this civilization thinks that it has deep astrological knowledge. There are no written records about the society that are urbanized by creating terraces on the mountain slope and using advanced agricultural techniques. Train services are also organized for those who want to reach the ruins by walking on the bottom day. In order to protect the natural life, all visitors must make reservations and travel with a guide.
El Vizcaino, Gulf of California, Mexico
The Gulf is known as the largest protected area in Mexico and the natural environment of the North Pacific Gray Whale. The ecosystem is rich with dolphins, seals and sea lions and its various birds. Whale enthusiasts are advised to make the necessary reservations before their travel, as the Mexican government is about to put serious restrictions on the number of daily people coming to the region in order to stop the changes that started due to intense interest in marine tourism and environmental fishing villages and salt collectors.
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Easter Island, Chile
There is no information about the four-meter mysterious “moai” sculptures in Rapa Nui. The island, thousands of kilometers away from the nearest settlement, has survived to the present day without being affected by other cultures. Visitors can be astonished when they see 400 sculptures in the Rano Raraku Quarry, where the stones used to make the sculptures come out. Sculptures placed in various points of the island are rapidly deteriorating by being eroded under natural conditions because they are made of volcanic stone. It is possible to reach the island by plane from Santiago or Tahiti. It is possible to spend time by diving, surfing and resting on the beaches in addition to the giant sculptures.
Carlsbad Caves, USA
Founded by miners at the end of the 19th century, the cave is the biggest underground hall in the world called “The Big Room”, 25 floors high and wide enough to accommodate six football fields. Those who want to go deeper into the natural wonder, a small part of which can be visited without a guide, can travel with a guide for security reasons. The cave, with its stalactites formed millions of years ago, is located in the middle of the Chihuahuan Desert and it is also possible to participate in the star tours organized in the desert at night.
Chichen Itza, Mexico
The most famous among the temples, colonnaded passages and other stone shrines in the sanctuary of the Maya is the Kukulkan Temple, known as the stepped pyramid. The 365 steps in the temple represent each day of the year, and in the shade formed twice a year, the snake form can be seen, and with the sunset, this form descends the stairs and merges with the snake statue on the ground. The fact that the Mayans refer to the information used in our age centuries ago may amaze visitors. Even the ball game played by the Maya shows a great similarity to today’s football game. The traces of the Mayans leaving the region for unknown reason leaving traces from their great civilizations can be seen every season.
Since baroque buildings in the city center are built using white volcanic stones, damage is rarely seen in buildings, although there is often an earthquake. The city, which is also known for the El Misti Volcano rising behind the magnificent cathedral, is suggested as the city’s gastronomic center, and Dimas, which is considered one of the best restaurants in the city. The restaurant is famous for its baroque decor and traditional cuisine, and banana octopus and alpaca with sauce are among the tastes to be tasted.
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Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
The volcanic archipelago, a thousand kilometers off the mainland, hosts animals that are not found anywhere else in the world. Since there is no vegetation on the islands, it is quite different from the usual tropical island image, some even resemble the Moon surface. Sea creatures, including turtles, land and sea iguanas, snakes, birds and corals on the island, are kept under surveillance for protection and the residential areas are limited. It is possible to go to other islands by boat from the airports of a few of the islands or to visit the islands by tours.
Panama Canal and Portobelo, Panama
Approximately 15 thousand ships pass through the canal, which is one of the most important man-made structures, and the importance of its key role in maritime trade can be understood by the production of all ships built in the world by considering the channel dimensions. 200 million liters of fresh water is given to the ocean for each ship passing through the pools consisting of three different sections and a fee is paid according to their tonnage. Richard Halliburton, who passed the channel with the lowest fee of $ 0.36, paid in 1928. In the spring of 2016, with the completion of channel expansion work, it meets the intense demand better.
Since Peruvian gold was once transported through Portobelo fortress to Panama City, the building, which has an important place in history, now makes a living thanks to tourism as a part of the simple fishing town. Though Portobelo has some calm weather today, thousands of pilgrims come to see the black Jesus statue inside the San Felipe Church every year and also host the Afro-colonial festival Congos y Diablos in March.